Ten different types of special schools provide education for students with various kinds of disabilities by means of small student groups, specially trained teachers, curricula paying attention to the respective disability and by means of using special methods and materials. Education in special schools covers the whole period of compulsory schooling (nine years). After eight years of academic education, a pre-vocational year can be established at special schools in order to complete compulsory schooling and to prepare students for the transition period from school to the labour market.
If needed students may attend special schools up to twelve years.
Lessons are given by classroom teachers. The number of pupils per class in a special school for blind, for deaf or for children with mental disabilities is limited to 8, the number of pupils per class in a special school for children with visual or hearing impairments, or a hospital school is limited to 10, that of all other types must not exceed 15.